refurbish /riːˈfəːrbɪʃ/
verb [with object]
renovate and redecorate (something, especially a building):
the premises have been completely refurbished in our corporate style.
refurbish /riːˈfəːrbɪʃ/
verb
the academy plans to refurbish its classrooms: RENOVATE, recondition, rehabilitate, revamp, overhaul, restore, renew, redevelop, rebuild, reconstruct; redecorate, spruce up, upgrade, refit, retrofit, bring up to code; informal do up, rehab, refurb.

renovate
/ˈrenəveɪt/
verb [with object]
restore (something old, especially a building) to a good state of repair:
the old office has been tastefully renovated as a new private academy.
• archaic refresh; reinvigorate:
a little warm nourishment renovated him for a short time.
ORIGIN
early 16th century: from Latin renovat- ‘made new again,’ from the verb renovare, from re- ‘back, again’ + novus ‘new.’
renovate /ˈrenəveɪt/
verb
the office has been renovated: MODERNIZE, restore, refurbish, revamp, recondition, rehabilitate, overhaul, redevelop; update, upgrade, refit, bring something up to code; informal do up, rehab.

start
/stɑːrt/
verb
They started their own new academy: ESTABLISH, set up, found, create, bring into being, institute, initiate, inaugurate, introduce, open, launch, float, kick-start, jump-start, get something off the ground, pioneer, organize, mastermind; informal kick something off. ANTONYMS end.

move /muːv/
verb
Change one's place of residence or work:
The English academy moved just two blocks away.
She's moved to New York City: RELOCATE, move away, change one's address, leave, go away, go down the road, decamp, pull up stakes.

get along (with)
/ɡet əˈlɒŋ/
1 have a harmonious or friendly relationship: they seem to get along pretty well.
2 manage to live or survive: don't worry, we'll get along without you.
get along (with) /ɡet əˈlɒŋ/
1 can't you try to get along with his family? BE FRIENDLY, be compatible, get on; agree, see eye to eye, concur, be in accord; informal hit it off, be on the same wavelength.
2
she was getting along well at school: FARE, manage, progress, advance, get on, get by, do, cope; succeed.

check out
/ˈtʃek aʊt/
settle one's hotel bill before leaving.
• (North American informal) die.
check out someone/something
1 establish the truth or inform oneself about someone or something: they decided to go and check out a local restaurant.
2 check something out (chiefly North American) enter the price of goods in a supermarket into a cash machine for addition and payment by a customer.
• register something as having been borrowed.
check out /ˈtʃek aʊt/
1 we'll be checking out in the morning: LEAVE, vacate, depart; pay the bill, settle up.
2
the police checked out dozens of leads: INVESTIGATE, look into, inquire into, probe, research, examine, go over; assess, analyze, evaluate; follow up; informal give something a once-over, scope out.
3
she checked herself out in the mirror: LOOK AT, survey, regard, inspect, contemplate; informal eyeball.

trumpery
/ˈtrʌmp(ə)ri/ archaic
noun (plural trumperies)
• worthless nonsense
• attractive articles of little value or use.
• practices or beliefs that are superficially or visually appealing but have little real value or worth.
trumpery /ˈtrʌmp(ə)ri/
adjective
showy but worthless: trumpery jewelry.
• delusive or shallow:
that trumpery hope which lets us dupe ourselves.
ORIGIN
late Middle English (denoting trickery): from Old French
tromperie, from tromper ‘deceive.’
own up to /əʊn ʌp tuː/
admit or confess to having done something wrong or embarrassing: he owns up to few mistakes.
own up to /əʊn ʌp tuː/
in the long run, it's always better to own up to your mistakes: CONFESS, admit to, admit the guilt of, accept blame/responsibility for, tell the truth about, make a clean breast of; informal come clean about.

let someone down /let ˈsəmˌwən daʊn/
phrasal verb
fail to support or help someone as they had hoped or expected:
if I let him down now, I knew he'd never trust me again. / I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
• (let someone/something down) have a detrimental effect on the overall quality or success of someone or something:
the whole machine is let down by the tacky keyboard.
letdown /ˈletdaʊn/
noun
a disappointment or a feeling of disappointment:
the election was a bit of a letdown.
• a decrease in size, volume, or force: letdowns in sales have been frequent and widespread.

account for /əˈkaʊnt fɔːr/
1 give a satisfactory record of (something, typically money, that one is responsible for).
• provide or serve as a satisfactory explanation or reason for:
he was brought before the Board to account for his behavior.
• know the fate or whereabouts of (someone or something), especially after an accident: everyone was accounted for after the floods.
• succeed in killing, destroying, or defeating:
the fifth inning accounted for Lyons, who gave up three back-to-back home runs.
2 supply or make up a specified amount or proportion of:
social security accounts for about a third of total public spending.
account for /əˈkaʊnt fɔːr/
1
they must account for the delay: EXPLAIN, answer for, give reasons for, rationalize, justify.
2
taxes account for much of the price of gasoline: CONSTITUTE, make up, form, compose, represent.

stick up for /stɪk ʌp fɔːr/
support or defend (a person or cause): they pick on her and she won't stick up for herself.
stick up for /stɪk ʌp fɔːr/
after what she did, not even her family would stick up for her: SUPPORT, take someone's side, side with, be on the side of, stand by, stand up for, take someone's part, defend, come to the defense of, champion, speak up for, fight for.

work out /ˈwərk aʊt/
1 (of an equation) be capable of being solved.
• (work out at) be calculated at:
the losses work out at $2.94 a share.
2 have a good or specified result, be successful:
things don't always work out that way / Our plan worked out fine.
3 engage in vigorous physical exercise or training, typically at a gym:
I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out (something)
1 solve a sum or determine an amount by calculation. We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.
• solve or find the answer to something:
I couldn't work out whether it was a band playing or a record.
2 plan or devise something in detail:
work out a seating plan.
work out /ˈwərk aʊt/
1 the bill works out to $50: AMOUNT TO, add up to, come to, total.
2
my idea worked out: SUCCEED, work out, turn out well, go as planned, get results, be effective; informal come off, pay off, do/turn the trick. ANTONYMS fail.
3
things didn't work out the way she planned: END UP, turn out, go, come out, develop; happen, occur; informal pan out.
4
he works out at the local gym: EXERCISE, train.
5
work out what you can afford: CALCULATE, compute, determine, reckon (up).
6
I'm trying to work out what she meant: UNDERSTAND, comprehend, sort out, make sense of, get to the bottom of, make head(s) or tail(s) of, unravel, decipher, decode, puzzle out; informal figure out.
7
they worked out a plan: DEVISE, formulate, draw up, put together, develop, construct, arrange, organize, contrive, concoct; hammer out, negotiate.

look forward to + ing /lʊk ˈfɔːrwərd tuː/
await eagerly:
we look forward to seeing you.
I'm looking forward to meeting him.
look forward to + object /lʊk ˈfɔːrwərd tuː/
I'm really looking forward to my birthday.
We can only
look forward to a time when such measures will no longer be needed.
look forward to
I look forward to Rebecca's call: AWAIT WITH PLEASURE, eagerly anticipate, lick one's lips over, be unable to wait for, count the days until.

come along /kʌm əˈlɒŋ/
1 to arrive, or to become available
He decided to give the money to the first stranger who came along.
He told me to work hard and take every opportunity that
comes along.
2 to go somewhere with someone
I’ve never seen a baseball game – do you mind if I come along?
to go somewhere so that you can be with someone who went there earlier
Ray had some work to finish and decided to come along later.
3 [usually progressive] to make progress, or to get better in quality, skill, or health
The building work was coming along nicely
be coming along with something:
How’s Kathleen coming along with her swimming?
come along /kʌm əˈlɒŋ/
1 the puppies are coming along nicely: PROGRESS, develop, shape up; come on, turn out; improve, get better, pick up, rally, recover.
2
come along! HURRY (UP), be quick, get a move on, come on, look lively, speed up, move faster; informal get moving, get cracking, step on it, move it, shake a leg, make it snappy; dated make haste.

carry out /ˈkarɪ aʊt/
1 to do something as specified (a plan, an order, a threat): His orders were carried out to the letter.
2 to perform or conduct (a test, an experiment, a survey):
The company does not carry out tests on animals. / We're carrying out a market research survey.

sign up /sʌɪn əp/
commit oneself to a period of employment or education or to some other undertaking: he signed up for a ten-week Spring course.
• enlist in the armed forces.
• (also
sign something up) conclude a business deal: the company has already signed up a few orders.

brush up on /brʌʃ ʌp ɒn/
improve one's previously good knowledge of or skill at a particular thing:
Brush up on your telephone skills.
My spoken French is quite good, but I would like to brush up a bit.
She took a two-week course to
brush up on her Spanish before she went travelling around South and Central America.

boil down to /bɔɪl daʊn tuː/
be in essence a matter of:
everything boiled down to cash in the end.
boil down to /bɔɪl daʊn tuː/
it all boils down to how much money you're willing to spend: COME DOWN TO, amount to, add up to, be in essence.

take up something /teɪk əp ˈsəmθɪŋ/
1 become interested or engaged in a pursuit: she took up tennis at the age of 11.
• begin to hold or fulfill a position or post: he left to take up an appointment as a secretary.
• accept an offer or challenge.
2 occupy time, space, or attention:
I don't want to take up any more of your time.
3 pursue a matter later or further:
he'll have to take it up with his boss.
• (also take up) resume speaking after an interruption:
I took up where I had left off.
4 shorten a garment by turning up the hem.
take up something /teɪk əp ˈsəmθɪŋ/
1 she took up abstract painting: ENGAGE IN, practice; begin, start, commence.
2
the meetings took up all her time: CONSUME, fill, absorb, use, occupy; waste, squander.
3
her cousin took up the story: RESUME, recommence, restart, carry on, continue, pick up, return to.
4
he took up their offer of a job: ACCEPT, say yes to, agree to, adopt; formal accede to.
5
take the skirt up an inch: SHORTEN, turn up; raise, lift.

get over
/ɡet ˈəʊvər/
1 recover from (an ailment or an upsetting or startling experience): the trip will help him get over Sal's death.
2 overcome (a difficulty).
get something over
1 manage to communicate an idea or theory: the company is keen to get the idea over.
2 complete an unpleasant or tedious but necessary task promptly:
come on, let's get it over with.
get over /ɡet ˈəʊvər/
I just got over the flu: RECOVER FROM, recuperate from, get better after, shrug off, survive.
get something over
we tried to get over this problem: OVERCOME, surmount, get the better of, master, find an/the answer to, get a grip on, deal with, cope with, sort out, take care of, crack, rise above; informal lick.

fall for /fɔːl fər/
informal
1 be captivated by; fall in love with.
2 be deceived by (something):
he should have known better than to expect Duncan to fall for a cheap trick like that.
fall for /fɔːl fər/
1 she fell for John: FALL IN LOVE WITH, become infatuated with, lose one's heart to, take a fancy to, be smitten with/by, be attracted to; informal have the hots for.
2
she won't fall for that trick: BE DECEIVED BY, be duped by, be fooled by, be taken in by, believe, trust, be convinced by; informal go for, buy, 'swallow (hook, line, and sinker)'.

make something up /ˈmeɪk ˈsʌmθɪŋ ǝp/
1 make up for serve or act to compensate for something lost, missed, or deficient: I'll make up the time tomorrow.
• make it up to compensate someone for negligent or unfair treatment: I'll try to make it up to you in the future.
2
make up (of parts) compose or constitute (a whole): women make up 56 percent of the student body | the team is made up of three women and two men.
• complete an amount or group:
he brought along a girl to make up a foursome.
3 put together or prepare something from parts or ingredients:
make up the mortar to a consistency that can be molded in the hands.
• get an amount or group together:
he was trying to make up a party to go dancing.
• prepare a bed for use with fresh bedclothes.
• Printing arrange type and illustrations into pages or arrange the type and illustrations on a page.
4 concoct or invent a story, lie, or plan:
she enjoyed making up tall tales.
make up /ˈmeɪk ǝp/
1 let's kiss and make up: BE FRIENDS AGAIN, bury the hatchet, declare a truce, make peace, forgive and forget, shake hands, become reconciled, settle one's differences, mend fences, call it quits.
2 exports make up 42% of earnings: CONSTITUTE, form, compose, account for.
3
Gina brought a friend to make up a foursome: COMPLETE, round off/out, finish.
4
the pharmacist made up the prescription: PREPARE, mix, concoct, put together.
5
he made up an excuse: INVENT, fabricate, concoct, dream up, think up, hatch, trump up; devise, manufacture, formulate, coin; informal cook up.
6
she made up her face: APPLY MAKEUP/COSMETICS TO, powder; (make oneself up) informal put on one's face, do/paint one's face, apply one's war paint, doll oneself up.

break up /breɪk əp/
1 the meeting broke up: END, finish, stop, terminate; adjourn; recess.
2
the crowd began to break up: DISPERSE, scatter, disband, part company.
3
Danny and I broke up last year: SPLIT UP, separate, part, part company; divorce.
4 informal
the whole cast broke up: BURST OUT LAUGHING, crack up, dissolve into laughter.
break something up
1 police tried to break up the crowd: DISPERSE, scatter, disband.
2
I'm not going to let you break up my marriage: WRECK, ruin, destroy.

look up to /lʊk ʌp tʊ/
have a great deal of respect for (someone): he needed a model, someone to look up to.
look up to /lʊk ʌp tʊ/
Jerry always looked up to his elder brother: admire, have a high opinion of, think highly of, hold in high regard, regard highly, rate highly, respect, esteem, value, venerate.

deal with /diːl wɪð/
verb
[no object] take measures concerning (someone or something), especially with the intention of putting something right:
the government had been unable to deal with the economic crisis.
• cope with (a difficult person or situation):
you'll have to find a way of dealing with those feelings.
• [with adverbial] treat (someone) in a particular way:
life had dealt harshly with her.
• have relations with (a person or organization), especially in a commercial context: the bank deals directly with the private sector.
• take or have as a subject; discuss:
the novel deals with several different topics.
deal with /diːl wɪð/
verb
1
how to deal with difficult children: cope with, handle, manage, treat, take care of, take charge of, take in hand, sort out, tackle, take on; control; act toward, behave toward.
2
the article deals with advances in chemistry: concern, be about, have to do with, discuss, consider, cover, pertain to; tackle, study, explore, investigate, examine, review, analyze.

waver
/ˈweɪvər/
verb [no object]
shake with a quivering motion:
the flame wavered in the draft.
• become unsteady or unreliable:
his love for her had never wavered.
• be undecided between two opinions or courses of action; be irresolute:
she never wavered from her intention.
ORIGIN
Middle English: from Old Norse
vafra ‘flicker,’ of Germanic origin. Compare with wave.
waver
verb
1
the candlelight wavered in the draft: flicker, quiver, twinkle, glimmer, wink, blink.
2
his voice wavered: falter, wobble, tremble, quaver, shake.
3
he wavered between the choices: be undecided, be irresolute, hesitate, dither, equivocate, vacillate, waffle, fluctuate; think twice, change one's mind, blow hot and cold; informal shilly-shally, sit on the fence.

start off
(or start someone/something off)
begin (or cause someone or something to begin) working, operating, or dealing with something: treatment should start off with attention to diet | what started you off on this search?
• (start off) begin a meal: she started off with soup.
start off by -ing
he started off by thanking his hosts
start off on something
she started off on a lengthy explanation

gingerbread /ˈdʒɪndʒərbrɛd/
noun
cake made with molasses and flavored with ginger.
Gingerbread house
A gingerbread house is a model house or similar structure made of gingerbread. The usual material is crisp ginger biscuit made of gingerbread – the ginger nut. Another type of model-making with gingerbread uses a boiled dough that can be moulded like clay to form edible statuettes or other decorations. These houses, covered with a variety of candies and icing, are popular Christmas decorations, often built by children with the help of their parents.

wreath
/riːθ/
noun (plural wreaths /riːðz, riːθs/)
an arrangement of flowers, leaves, or stems fastened in a ring and used for decoration or for laying on a grave.
• a carved representation of a wreath.
• a ring made of or resembling soft, twisted material:
a gold wreath.
• Heraldry a representation of a wreath below a crest (especially where it joins a helmet).
• a curl or ring of smoke or cloud:
wreaths of mist swirled up into the cold air.
ORIGIN
Old English
writha, related to writhe.
wreath
noun
a wreath of dried flowers, a Christmas wreath: garland, circlet, chaplet, crown, festoon, lei; ring, loop, circle.

sled
/sled/ (chiefly North American)
noun
a vehicle, typically on runners, for conveying goods or passengers over snow or ice, either pushed or pulled, or drawn by horses, dogs, or a motor vehicle.
• a small lightweight vehicle, either on runners or having a smooth bottom surface, used for sliding downhill over snow or ice.
• another term for snowmobile.
verb (sleds, sledding, sledded) [no object] (usually go sledding)
travel or slide downhill over snow on a sled:
I know my kids would love to have one last snowstorm to build a snowman and go sledding | the two sledded down a snow-covered hill.
ORIGIN
Middle English: from Middle Low German
sledde; related to the verb slide.
sled
noun
the snowy hills are alive with squealing children on their new Christmas sleds: toboggan, sledge, bobsled, luge, coaster; dogsled; sleigh, cutter.

rebuke /rɪˈbjuːk/
verb [with object]
express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behavior or actions:
she had rebuked him for drinking too much | the judge publicly rebuked the jury.
noun
an expression of sharp disapproval or criticism:
he hadn't meant it as a rebuke, but Neil flinched.
ORIGIN
Middle English (originally in the sense ‘force back, repress’): from Anglo-Norman French and Old Northern French
rebuker, from re- ‘back, down’ + bukier ‘to beat’ (originally ‘cut down wood,’ from Old French busche ‘log’).
rebuke /rɪˈbjuːk/
verb
she never rebuked him in front of others: reprimand, reproach, scold, admonish, reprove, chastise, upbraid, berate, take to task, criticize, censure; informal tell off, give someone a talking-to, give someone a dressing-down, give someone an earful, chew out, ream out; formal castigate. ANTONYMS praise.
noun
Damian was silenced by the rebuke: reprimand, reproach, reproof, scolding, admonishment, admonition, upbraiding, finger-wagging; informal dressing-down; formal castigation. ANTONYMS compliment.

CHOOSE THE RIGHT WORD
rebuke, admonish, censure, reprimand, reproach, scold, reprove
All of these verbs mean to criticize or express disapproval, but which one you use depends on how upset you are. If you want to go easy on someone, you can
admonish or reproach, both of which indicate mild and sometimes kindly disapproval. To admonish is to warn or counsel someone, usually because a duty has been forgotten or might be forgotten in the future (admonish her about leaving the key in the lock), while reproach also suggests mild criticism aimed at correcting a fault or pattern of misbehavior (he was reproved for his lack of attention in class). If you want to express your disapproval formally or in public, use censure or reprimand. You can censure someone either directly or indirectly (the judge censured the lawyer for violating courtroom procedures; a newspaper article that censured “deadbeat dads”), while reprimand suggests a direct confrontation (reprimanded by his parole officer for leaving town without reporting his whereabouts). If you're irritated enough to want to express your disapproval quite harshly and at some length, you can scold (to scold a child for jaywalking). Rebuke is the harshest word of this group, meaning to criticize sharply or sternly, often in the midst of some action (rebuke a carpenter for walking across an icy roof).

trick /trɪk/
noun
1
he's capable of any mean trick | their clever little trick cost us $500: stratagem, ploy, ruse, scheme, device, maneuver, contrivance, machination, artifice, wile, dodge; deceit, deception, trickery, subterfuge, chicanery, swindle, hoax, fraud, confidence trick; informal con, setup, rip-off, game, scam, sting, flimflam, bunco; archaic shift, fetch, rig.
2
I think she's playing a trick on us: practical joke, joke, prank, jape, spoof, gag, put-on.
3
conjuring tricks: feat, stunt; (tricks) sleight of hand, legerdemain, prestidigitation; magic.
4
(tricks) the tricks of the trade: knack, art, skills, techniques; secrets, shortcuts.
verb
many people have been tricked by con artists with fake IDs: deceive, delude, hoodwink, mislead, take in, dupe, fool, double-cross, cheat, defraud, swindle, gull, hoax, bamboozle, entrap; informal con, bilk, diddle, rook, put one over on, pull a fast one on, pull the wool over someone's eyes, take for a ride, shaft, flimflam, sucker, snooker; literary cozen, illude; archaic chicane.

PHRASES
do the trick
informal achieve the required result.
every trick in the book
informal every available method of achieving what one wants.
how's tricks?
informal used as a friendly greeting: “How's tricks in your neck of the woods?”
not miss a trick
see miss.
the oldest trick in the book
a ruse so hackneyed that it should no longer deceive anyone.
tricks of the trade
special ingenious techniques used in a profession or craft, especially those that are little known by outsiders.
turn a trick
informal (of a prostitute) have a session with a client.
up to one's (old) tricks
informal misbehaving in a characteristic way.
PHRASAL VERBS
trick someone/something out (or up)
(usually be tricked out) dress or decorate someone or something in an elaborate or showy way: a Marine tricked out in World War II kit and weaponry.
ORIGIN
late Middle English (as a noun): from an Old French dialect variant of
triche, from trichier ‘deceive,’ of unknown origin. Current senses of the verb date from the mid 16th century.

fetch /fetʃ/
verb [with object]
1 go for and then bring back (someone or something) for someone:
he ran to fetch help | [with two objects] : she fetched me a cup of tea.
archaic bring forth (blood or tears): kind offers fetched tears from me.
archaic take a (breath); heave (a sigh).
2 achieve (a particular price) when sold:
the land could fetch over a million pounds.
3 [with two objects]
informal inflict (a blow or slap) on (someone): that brute Cullam fetched him a wallop.
4
informal, dated cause great interest or delight in (someone): that air of his always fetches women.
PHRASES
fetch and carry
perform a succession of menial tasks for someone as if one was their servant.
PHRASAL VERBS
fetch up
informal arrive or come to rest somewhere, typically by accident or unintentionally: all four of them fetched up in the saloon bar of the Rose and Crown.
ORIGIN
Old English
fecc(e)an, variant of fetian, probably related to fatian ‘grasp’, of Germanic origin and related to German fassen .
fetch /fetʃ/
verb
1
he went to fetch a doctor: (go and) get, go for, call for, summon, pick up, collect, bring, carry, convey, transport.
2
the land could fetch a million dollars: sell for, bring in, raise, realize, yield, make, command, cost, be priced at; informal go for, set one back, pull in.